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The right of children to have a name and nationality

The right of children to have a name and nationality



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In the rights of children, elaborated by the UN, the following is stated: From birth, the child has the right to have a name and a surname. The children's right to have a name and nationality understand that every child should be registered immediately after his birth, since the parents have the obligation to inform the name, surname and date of birth of the newborn.

This action supposes the immediate recognition by the State of the child's existence, and the formalization of his birth before the law. In addition, your registration will allow the child preserve its origins, that is, the kinship relationships that unite him to his biological parents.

From birth, a child has the right to acquire a nationality. Depending on the circumstances in which nationality is acquired, it can be of two types:

- Original or blood nationality: the child acquires the nationality of his parents from the moment of his birth.

- Nationality by residence: Even if his parents have another nationality, the child acquires the nationality of the territory in which he is born.

Nationality is obtained by registering in the Civil Registry. It is a very important element, since, in the first place, it supposes the bond between person and citizenship, and secondly, it constitutes the belonging of a person to a nation. Ultimately, it establishes the quality of a person by reason of the political and legal link that unites them to the constituent population of a Condition.

Children who do not have a identification document run the risk of being left in a situation of social exclusion and therefore of access to basic services such as education, health care or social Security.

These children are invisible in terms of data, developmental policies, or supports. Therefore, children having an identity becomes a fundamental right to be recognized by the government of your country as part of the society that composes it.

Having a first and last name is much more than two words, it means be recognized not only for your country, but for all the countries of the world, and therefore the child will be protected under the protection of laws.

Diego Fernandez. Editor of our site

You can read more articles similar to The right of children to have a name and nationality, in the category of Children's Rights on site.


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