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When the induction of labor takes place early, the most common risk is preterm delivery, which occurs when induction is performed without a correct evaluation of the weeks of pregnancy, due to a miscalculation of the expected due date.
Other risks include cesarean section when induction methods fail and dilation does not occur; puerperal endometritis, a uterine infection from maneuvers performed during induction; abnormal contractions and acute fetal distress caused by a lack or decrease in oxygenation of the baby, tears in the uterus and bleeding.
The rupture of the amniotic sac and the administration of hormones (prostaglandin and oxytocin) can induce labor. But, if the maternal organism is not prepared, the induction methods may fail and may require a cesarean section later. The chances of this happening increase when the cervix is unprepared or has not cleared.
- Rupture of the amniotic sac. When breaking waters due to the artificial rupture of the amniotic sac does not achieve its objective, it is possible that another technique is used to initiate labor. This is because the baby is at risk of infection, as it is not protected inside the uterus by amniotic fluid. The membranes keep you safe from outside germs and should not remain broken for an extended period of time.
- Hormones. When hormones are used to initiate labor, prostaglandin and oxytocin, there is a risk that ineffective contractions may be triggered, which do not help in labor. Other complications associated with the use of oxytocin are low blood pressure and a low level of sodium in the blood, which can cause tremors.
Babies born a few days before the due date are usually healthy, but some have temporary problems, such as jaundice, difficulty feeding, breathing, or maintaining body temperature. Nowadays, ultrasounds help to more accurately determine the due date.
Although inductions have risks, lengthening the pregnancy beyond 42 weeks can also be dangerous. Among other reasons, vaginal delivery becomes more difficult as the baby is larger and the placenta, which provides nourishment for the baby, begins to deteriorate or age, failing to supply food and oxygen correctly, which can cause fetal distress . Waiting for the baby to be born naturally is the best thing to do. Letting nature take its course is as important as following the advice of your gynecologist, who will tell you what is best for your health and that of your baby.
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